Common symptom of various nasal diseases is nasal mucus dryness, which can be either an initial stage of acute rhinitis or a consequence of unfavourable environmental factors or an specific form of chronic rhinitis.
Nasal mucus has several functions: it participates in breathing, warms up and filters air, kills bacteria and viruses, and humidifies air. Air humidification is one of the most important physiological functions of the nose. The function can be disordered by rhinitis or, more specifically, by viruses that immobilize nasal hair and disturbs their function.
There are several stages of rhinitis: first, nasal dryness, lasts a couple of hours and manifests as dryness inside the nose, itch and sneezing, seemingly nothing to worry about. Then secretion or running nose begins and the healing stage is when the secretion becomes clearer and nose breathing easier. Untreated rhinitis may develop into sinusitis. Thus, rhinitis should be treated from the very first stages (tickle and dryness) using oily nasal drops to humidify the nasal mucus. Naturally, you should choose as natural Vitamin A drops as possible, the ones that do not cause allergies or contain aroma additives.
Dust, smoking and dry (especially central heating) also affect the nasal mucus and cause secretion drying inside the nose, formation of crust and dryness. This often proceeds to nose scratching and finally ends with nasal mucus damage and nose bleeding.
The number of nasal secretion producing glands naturally decreases in time, so the problem is especially typical to the elderly people. Then nasal dryness becomes permanent and bothering symptom, and the condition is called chronic atrophic rhinitis.
One of the main treatment tactics is, naturally, prevention by humidifying the dry air inside the room, avoiding dusty environment and quitting smoking; however, irrespective of the preventive measures above or in the case of nasal gland atrophy, which manfests as nasal dryness, long-term nasal mucus humidification with oily ointments or drops that stimulate mucus healing and have haheamostatic effect.
Chronic atrophic rhinitis can be either primary or general (so-called dry rhinitis) or secondary (so-called ozena), which is related to Klebsiella ozeanae bacterium. The latter form of atrophic rhinitis is more typical to the developing countries or dry climate zone (Asia, China, Egypt, India, Africa and Eastern Europe). The cases of ozena in Lithuania are much rarer than in the areas mentioned above. There are several symptoms of ozena, such as nasal odour and atrophy of the nasal sructures, which causes permanent nasal dryness and formation of crust and scab. Treatment of the disease is complex, with particular attention to nasal dryness and elimination of crust and scab. The treatment is long. Special oily drops to humidify nasal mucus, soften scab and stimulate healing are prescribed for a long-term use.