An old proverb says that one should prepare the sledge in summer. Allergy specialists paraphrase the proverb as follows: if you wish to have spring without allergic rhinitis, prepare for the blooming season in winter.
Allergic rhinitis bothers every fourth European person. “The numbers of the patients are growing and the age of the patients is becoming younger and younger,” told Manageress of the allergy clinic “CD8 klinika”, allergologist and specialist of clinical immunology Jūratė Staikūnienė, ASP.
The disease is usually acquired in childhood and lasts to the old age.
The proven fact is that allergy is caused by a particular defect of the immune system. Normally, immunity protects human body from harmful effects. Allergic reaction means that your body has begun reacting to harmless things in your environment, such as pollen, dust and mould.
- What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis?
- People often mislead themselves thinking it must always be running nose.
Running nasal secretion is one of the four symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Other symptoms are intermittent sneeze, nasal itch and bunged up nose. Another distinctive feature of allergic rhinitis is eye itch and watering. Allergic rhinitis may last a couple of hours, months or decades, as long as contact with allergen remains.
- Does it disturb daily routine?
- The disease is not life-threatening. Patients do not feel the lack of oxygen because they start breathing through the mouth.
However, allergic rhinitis does disturb daily life. Patients become irritable and have sleep disorders, snoring and headaches. Allergic rhinitis impairs learning; it has been found that children and young people with allergic rhinitis pass their exams poorer.
- Can allergic rhinitis be prevented?
- Absolute prevention is impossible because you cannot change your nature and environment. The thing you can do is to reduce reaction of your body to allergens.
First, you must know the cause of allergic reaction. This allows making the body less sensitive to it.
The immunotherapy treatment method was found a hundred years ago, when people noticed that injection of pollen into the body makes the body less sensitive to the pollen.
The method has been improved by looking the purer extracts to prevent allergic reaction and simultaneously accustom the body to the allergens.
The so-called allergen-specific immunotherapy method is now used by many allergy and clinical immunology specialists. Immunotherapy involves subcutaneous injections. Since more than one injection is required, the treatment course should be started in advance to prepare the body for the pollen season.
There are preparations meant for shorter treatment course (six injections within a week or two) to make you ready to meet spring.
About 90 percent of patients treated with the method above have allergic rhinitis less often and use less pharmaceuticals.
If you undergo allergen-specific treatment three years in a row, your body will remain insensitive for the allergens another five years.
- What are other advantages of the immunotherapy method?
- Allergen-specific immunotherapy stops development of the allergy. Doctors knew long time ago: if you are not treated, you become sensitive to other allergens in time. Moreover, if you undergo the treatment, the probability to have asthma, which is much more dangerous, becomes much lower.
It is worth knowing that the new generation drugs season the body to all grass, tree and crop allergens most typical to our geographic zone.
Allergen-specific immunotherapy can be applied on children from 6 years of age and adults.
Manageress of “CD8 klinika”, allergologist and specialist of clinical immunology Jūratė Staikūnienė, ASP
Savanorių pr. 245, Kaunas
Registration by Internet of phone +370 609 97 880 from 9:00 to 18:00 on business days
11 January 2014